Due to the wide variety of tea varieties, the obvious differences in water quality, and the different brewing techniques, the color, aroma and taste of tea brewed by each person are also very different. Even if you have good tea, good water, and good tea utensils, if you don't have good tea brewing techniques and techniques, it will be difficult to get a good cup of tea. To make a good cup of tea, you need to meet the following five conditions: water quality water temperature time amount of tea Feeling water quality Water is the mother of tea, and water is to tea as water is to fish. Generally, water that meets the five standards of "source (source), living (flow), sweet (sweet), clear (clean), and light (weight)" can be regarded as good water. The tea saint Lu Yu has the idea of "water in mountains, rivers, and wells". Under the contemporary scientific experiment, the evaluation results of the water quality used for making tea are obtained—spring water is the first, deep well water is the second, distilled water is the third, and tap water is the worst. water temperature The difference in water temperature determines the color, aroma and taste of the tea soup, as well as the release of chemical components in the tea. Generally, the water temperature will be adjusted according to the type of tea and the raw materials of tea making. For tea made from coarse and old raw materials, it needs to be brewed directly with boiling water, while tea made from delicate raw materials needs to be brewed with boiling water after cooling down. Specifically, high-grade and delicate green teas such as Longjing and Xinyang Maojian should be brewed with boiling water with a temperature lower than 80 degrees, green teas such as oolong tea should be brewed with a tea set and then brewed, and autoclaved teas such as brick tea should be brewed with boiling water above 100 degrees Celsius It is best to drink it after boiling. time The time and frequency of tea brewing are related to the type of tea, water temperature, amount of tea used, and tea drinking habits. In our daily life, we use tea cups to brew ordinary red and green tea, put about 3 grams of dry tea in each cup, brew with about 200 ml of boiling water, and cover it for 4 to 5 minutes before drinking. Such as drinking black tea and green tea with small particles and fully kneading, after brewing with boiling water for 3-5 minutes, most of the active ingredients are leached out, and you can drink it quickly at one time.
amount of tea
There is no uniform standard for the amount of tea used when brewing tea, and it generally depends on the type of tea, the size of the tea set and the drinking habits of consumers.
For making tea at home, generally speaking, each gram of tea can be brewed with 50 to 60 ml of water, boiling water is better, but the amount of tea varies according to the type of tea.
If oolong tea is used, the amount of tea leaves is more than double that of ordinary red and green tea, while the amount of water to be brewed is reduced by half.
Making tea is not only a feeling of tea aroma, but also a dialogue with nature.
In the tea art world, there is a saying that "one person gets the gods, two people get fun, and three people get the taste", which is the embodiment of the good attitude of tea brewers.
Only in a normal state of mind, can the best quality and purest taste be brewed.
In fact, if you want to make good tea, in addition to grasping the water quality, water temperature, time, tea volume, and mood, you must also pay attention to orderly and elegant brewing methods and actions. There are eight steps here: hot pot, warm cup, setting tea, high Rinse, scrape foam, pour low, smell and drink.
In a word, making tea is not only a technique, but also a knowledge, which is worthy of in-depth exploration by tea lovers and tea drinkers.
To serve tea is to cultivate
Since ancient times, there has been a folk tradition in our country that guests come to offer tea. In the Zhou Dynasty more than 3,000 years ago, tea was regarded as a gift and tribute.
Due to today's social development, the pace of life is getting faster and faster, but the fun of life is getting farther and farther away.
If you want to relax your body and mind in today's society, you can try to slow down the pace and learn to drink, taste and serve tea.
And in today's society, drinking tea can be used as a way to receive guests, and it is also an important part of social interaction, which cannot be ignored and is very particular.
Usually, serving tea consists of four steps: preparing tea, taking tea, serving tea, and refilling tea.
When preparing tea, tea utensils such as cups, teapots, trays, cans and boxes containing tea must be kept clean. After the guests are seated, take the initiative to ask the customers if they have special requirements for the tea they drink.
When taking tea, use special utensils such as teaspoon and teaspoon, and decide the amount of tea according to the variety of tea.
When serving tea, the tea cup should be placed in front of the right hand of the guests. When inviting guests to drink tea, the tea cup should be placed on the tray and served with both hands. The fingers should not touch the edge of the cup.
When refilling the tea, take the tea cup from the table, put your legs in tandem, and pour the tea into the guest cup sideways, which can reflect the elegant manner.
When the host and guests are talking and drinking tea, add hot water in time to show respect for the guests.
When serving tea to guests, there are four details that need special attention: First, light tea is full of wine, as the saying goes, wine is full of tea and half of tea.
When serving tea, the tea poured into the cup should not be too full, it is appropriate to be 80% full, and the water temperature should not be too hot, so as not to accidentally burn the guests.
If filling a teacup, it not only burns the mouth, but also means to chase away customers.
The second is the action of serving tea. When serving tea, you should say "I'm sorry" to the people present, then serve the tea with your right hand and serve it from the guest's right side, smiling, looking at each other and saying, "This is your tea. ,Please enjoy!"
The guest should stand up to say "thank you" and take the saucer with both hands.
The third is the expression of serving tea. When serving tea, the expression of the person serving tea should be gentle, smiling, cordial and dignified, so as to leave a good impression on the guests.
The fourth is the order of serving tea. When serving tea, it should be given to the guests with high positions or the elders among the guests according to the order of their positions, and then given to their colleagues according to the high and low positions. Tea.
In addition to serving tea, tea offerings in tea ceremony activities also include bowing, palm-stretching, and allegorical rituals.
In the process of daily hospitality, the etiquette of serving tea needs to be combined with the reality of daily life and constantly practiced. If the tea drinker has a deep understanding of tea, these details of serving tea can not only reflect the welcome and respect of the tea drinker to the guests, It also reflects the taste and self-cultivation of the tea people.
Tips for storing tea
The tea leaves are very dry, so the tea leaves are highly absorbent, so they should be kept dry and tasteless in storage to avoid spoiling the tea leaves.
Therefore, the requirements for tea pots are higher.
The storage of tea should be divided into different types according to the actual situation. For example, the storage methods of bulk tea and household tea are different, and the storage methods of unfermented tea, semi-fermented tea, and fully fermented tea are also very different.
For example, in the storage of bulk tea, in addition to the traditional lime block storage method and charcoal storage method, the nitrogen-pumping method and the freezer storage method can also be used.
There are five main ways to store tea at home:
Iron, tin, tinted glass bottles and ceramic containers are kept in airtight storage;
Storage of desiccants such as lime and charcoal;
Store in refrigerator below 5℃;
Storage of thermos with good thermal insulation performance;
Store in new, odorless, non-porous plastic grocery bags.
For another example, the storage requirements and methods of unfermented tea, semi-fermented tea and fully fermented tea are also different.
Non-fermented teas include white (such as Shoumei, Yinzhen Pekoe, etc.), yellow (such as Junshan Yinzhen, Huangshan Maofeng, etc.), and green (such as Longjing, Biluochun, Xinyang Maojian, etc.). Unfermented tea contains high amounts of vitamins and active nutrients, and is most easily affected and destroyed by sunlight, moisture and odor. Once exposed to sunlight and moisture, the tea will change color, taste and deteriorate.
Green tea storage must be protected from sun, moisture, and odor, either in a cool, ventilated place or in a freezer.
Semi-fermented tea mainly includes green tea, oolong tea, etc. It has both the characteristics of non-fermented tea and the characteristics of fully fermented tea.
Storing green tea must be "sunscreen, moisture-proof, and odor-proof" just like green tea.
However, due to the longer lifespan of clear tea, storage requirements can be relaxed.
The freshness of the tea can be preserved by storing the tea at the right time according to the light and heavy roasting and fermentation of the tea.
Fully fermented tea includes black tea, dark tea, etc. After a complete fermentation process, this tea has no characteristics and characteristics of green tea.
The essence and taste of tea has been transformed into the characteristic taste after fermentation.
This kind of taste, the longer and more mellow, the higher the value.
Therefore, fully fermented tea does not need moisture and sun protection.
However, it is still necessary to store it in an airtight container to avoid the attack of odors.
There is a basic rule for storing tea: no matter what storage method is used, the container for storing tea should be airtight, dark, dry, low temperature, and odorless, and the better the sealing performance of the container, the easier it is to maintain the quality of tea, and the tea in the container. The storage time is relatively longer.
It can be seen that the storage of tea is the basic link of brewing and tasting good tea. The quality of tea directly affects the performance and taste of tea soup, and it is fundamental to store good tea.
Drinking tea is not a blind preference, if you understand tea, tea will understand you naturally. Know tea, know life.